Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences

from March 2015
Last Number: November 2020

International Institute For Private Commercial And Competition Law (IIPCCL)
ISSN 2410-3918


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Nbr. 6-3, November 2020

Impact of Public Debt on the Economy in the Republic of Kosovo - Empirical Evidence

In addition to the various economic policies that governments use to achieve economic objectives and increase social welfare, public debt as a source of fi nancing of the state budget is also used by governments of diff erent countries. However, other macroeconomic indicators have a tremendous role to play in determining the level of short-term and long-term debt or the share of domestic debt and external debt. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of public debt on the economy o...

Real Exchange Rate and Foreign Trade Relationship: The Case of Hungary

Hungary's foreign trade has scored progress in recent years. The result of this progress has brought a positive eff ect on the country's trade defi cit. This situation also raised the question of whether foreign trade is aff ected by exchange rates. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the factors aff ecting the real exchange rate in Hungary from 1995 to 2020. In this study, the Granger causality analysis is used to measure the eff ects of macroeconomic factors on the real exchange rate. ...

Development of Administrative Capacity and Regional Policy EU funds for touristic sector in post crisis

This paper research provides an overview of European Structural and Investment Funds and Cohesion Policy in light of current trends in public investment. It highlights the importance of quality governance practices and administrative capacity in optimising public investment, and underscores the importance of strong administrative capacity among Managing Authorities in order to boost the eff ectiveness of European Structural and Investment Funds investment. It concludes with a description of t...

Examining corporate social responsibility of multinational corporations: The validity of international guidelines

This paper will begin with a discussion of the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility, what it entails and the inapplication of the concept to cross-border issues. Secondly, the discussion will lead into an analysis of Multinational Corporate Entities, focusing on ways in which the parent company can be held liable in the courts of the home state. The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) concept presents not only a picture of theories but also a number of approaches, which are disputable...

The Impact of Leadership Styles on Motivating Corporate Employees in Kosovo

Leadership is the most important factor in business development, refers to the perceptions and expectations of group members in achieving the objectives of any private or public organization, organizational culture aff ects leadership as much as leadership aff ects organizational culture. In this regard, this study tries to refl ect the impact of leadership styles on the motivation of corporate employees in Kosovo. This study att empts to analyze the perception of corporate employees about mo...

The sanitation of autochthonous grapevine cultivars (Kallmet and Vlosh) from viral infections using in vitro techniques

The use of the "pure" plant material constitutes a necessity for development of the contemporary horticulture, determined by the phytosanitary normative. We studied some autochthonous grapevine cultivars (Vlosh and Kallmet) in order to evaluate the phytosanitation state diagnosed with the serological method of DAS-ELISA for the presence of viruses such as: GFLV, GFcV, GLRaV-1, GLRaV-3. The results of the serological testing the cultivars resulted infected with the virus GLRaV-3 (Grapevine lea...

The right to Defense Counsel and its implementation according to the Criminal Procedure Code of Kosovo

This paper aims to address the normative aspect of determining the right to defense counsel and the importance of this right in practice as a guarantee for a fair trial under the Criminal Procedure Code of Kosovo. This paper will address two dimensions. In the fi rst dimension, the researcher will address the meaning and importance of the right to defense counsel, including the analysis of the right to mandatory defense and the right to defense counsel at public expense, and the refl ection t...

Vertical jump to female & male volleyball players in Albania

Aims: The reason of this study is the evaluation of the "Vertical Jump" and other parameters of the Albanian National Championship volleyball players female & male. The performance profi ling of volleyball players is important to distinguish the anthropometric and physicalcharacteristics from other sports. Methods: Volleyball players were tested in diff erent periods before and aft er the training with their coaches. Subjects were 10 Female (F) mean age 19.1 years old and 10 Male (M) mean age...

Grounds for sett ing aside award under Kosovo Arbitration Law in comparative perspective

This paper is concerned with the grounds for sett ing aside award according to Kosovo Arbitration Law (hereinaft er: KAL) comparing with UNCITRAL Model Law (hereinaft er: Model Law). In particular, this paper will review only the grounds for sett ing aside award under the KAL that diff er in relation to the Model Law. Further, the paper will assess, analyze and interpret KAL provisions of article 36 and compare with article 34 of the Model Law. Furthermore, the KAL provisions will be comparin...

Municipal performance, territorial reform and development during the gaps in Albanian businesses - An overview of ADP principles and financial management

Territorial reforms are the most radical and contested reorganization of the sub national administration. The academic interest for this phenomenon is substantial. However, a cleavage divides the literature dealing with the issue: In a fi rst strand, economists provide primarily quantitative ex-post analysis of such reform ventures. As a matt er of research design and method applied, this work more than oft en focuses on selected fi nancial aspects as reform outputs. Mostly, a narrow focus on...

Blake and the diversity of influences over his poetry

William Blake's poetry falls into three main categories. First, there are the lyrics, of which the most important ones are the Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. In this category we fi nd the earlier poems included in the Poetical Sketches (1769-78), many of which are indeed experiments in which Blake partially imitates earlier writers such as Shakespeare and others. Some manuscripts can be included in the fi rst category, such as ‘Pickering Manuscript', ‘The Mental Traveller', ‘The ...

Psychosocial Factor in the Education of the Individual

Psychology aff ects a number of factors in shaping behavior and personality of the individual. Man is not born the one he is since when come to life as individuals and through life we acquire roles. In the process of education, we acquire beliefs, dialoguing and monologuing culture, objections, admissions, beliefs, att itudes and, above all, positivity and negativity. We gain what is more important and should put emphasis on subjective att itudes we keep in diff erent random circumstances. At...

An introduction to Hamlet's problem

Hamlet, the famous tragedy by William Shakespeare is undoubtedly one of the greatest plays ever writt en in English language and one of the most prominent literary works of all world literature. For centuries, readers, critics and scholars alike have been fascinated by the enigmatic and mysterious character of Prince Hamlet, the play's protagonist. They have been trying to fi nd the answer to the most puzzling question regarding Hamlet: Why does not the Prince kill Claudius right away avengin...

Meaning and legal effect of Remission under Kosovo Arbitration Law in comparative perspective

In this work, it will be discussed defi nition, meaning and legal eff ect of remission or rearbitration procedure according to Kosovo Arbitration Law (hereinaft er: KAL) comparing with UNCITRAL Model Law (hereinaft er: Model Law) and diff erent national arbitration laws. In particular, this paper will review two main points: Firstly, the purpose of remission. Secondly, Remission or re-arbitration objective is to suspend or set aside domestic award. Furthermore, the paper will assess, analyse ...

Servitudes and types of property (real) servitudes by legislation in Kosovo

This paper will address the topic of servitudes with special emphasis on property servitudes, always based on the provisions of positive law in the Republic of Kosovo. Since Roman law, the right of ownership over foreign property was unclear especially when it came to servitudes. In Roman law there was not a general category regulated by general norms, but a set of typical fi gures of servitudes with common characteristics Despite what was discussed in Roman law we can say that in all legal s...

Achievements and challenges about re-evaluation process of judges and prosecutors in the Republic of Albania

The constitutional reform related to the system of justice conducted in 2016 in Albania, was welcomed with a positive enthusiasm by all stakeholders, civil society, business groups, including the political class who voted for this reform unanimously. One of the goals of the implementation of this reform is not only the restoration of new justice institutions and the strengthening of existing ones but above all the re-evaluation of all judges and prosecutors who are part of the judiciary in th...

Incentive Issues Underlying the Budget Process in Albania

Albania has been reforming its policy, planning and budgeting systems since the end of communism and now, in principle, has sound public expenditure management (PEM) systems and procedures within an Integrated Planning System (IPS). In practice, the PEM system has yet to operate fully as intended. Such reforms take time to implement properly, especially where incentives to implement remain weak or perverse. The 1998 Organic Budget Law created an enabling framework for the budget process that ...

Basic concepts of quality and standards

The basic principle that products and services must meet the basic requirements of users, led to the realization that the specifi cations that defi ne the product does not guarantee that the product will really achieve the required quality. The comparison between revenues and expenditures is the main form of business accounting and provides evidence of profi tability. The business owner or manager can not have a full understanding of the basic information needed to conduct successful corporat...

Travel agencies - Touristic activities

The aim of this paper is for the touristic features to be looked as economic activities. We always have to consider that tourism as an activity has its eff ect on the consumer. Every time the tourist consumes products and services from diff erent countries in many activities from which many economic activities are connected which are in service of tourism and touristic consumption. Tourism itself is an economic activity from which with its specifi cs aff ects in production activities. We alwa...